english football leagues

League Two scores, results and fixtures on BBC Sport, including live football scores, goals and goal scorers. League One scores, results and fixtures on BBC Sport, including live football scores, goals and goal scorers. English Football League and F.A. Premier League Tables | Michael Robinson | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand. Originally the bottom club s of the bottom division s had to apply for re-election each year, which was voted by all the other members. Tiverton 0 3 Metropolitan Pol.. Hendon 4 1 Lancing 0 1. FC United 1 Witton Albion 2. Staveley MW 0 Guiseley 4. Torquay 4 Winchester City 1. Ein sehr wichtiger Schritt war die Entscheidung der Teams, sich untereinander bei den Verhandlungen mit den Spielern abzusprechen und insbesondere bei den Gehaltsangeboten an Spieler, die sich in Universitäts-Mannschaften einen Namen gemacht hatten, nicht gegenseitig überbieten zu wollen. Als weiterer Anreiz für die Mannschaften, die sicheren Positionen im Mittelfeld zu vermeiden, wurden Play-offs in den Divisionen 1—3 eingeführt, die die vier Plätze hinter den sicheren Aufstiegsplätzen einbeziehen. The top level level 5 of the NLS is known as "step 1" by the FA, the next level 6 as "step 2", and so on. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen.

There are also some Saturday leagues which are not officially part of the pyramid, although teams frequently leave these for pyramid leagues.

At the top is the single division of the Premier League Level 1, which is often referred to as the "top flight" , containing 20 clubs, all of which, up to the —11 season , were based in England.

The top tier of non-League football is the National League. It contains a national division National League of 24 clubs Level 5 , and is the lowest level with a single nationwide league.

Some of these clubs are full-time professional and the others are semi-professional. Below the National League, some of the stronger clubs are semi-professional, but continuing down the tiers, soon all the clubs are amateur.

Lower-level leagues also tend to cater for progressively smaller geographic regions. Next down from the National League are three regional leagues, each associated with different geographical areas, although some overlap exists.

They are the Northern Premier League which covers the north of England, with one club from North Wales , Southern Football League which covers the Midlands, south and southwest of England, with one club from South Wales and the Isthmian League which includes clubs from the south east of England as well as Guernsey from the Channel Islands.

All of the leagues have Premier Divisions of 22 teams Level 7. Below these, and split by region, the Northern Premier League and Southern Football League each have two parallel divisions of 20 teams Level 8.

The Isthmian League has three parallel level 8 divisions of 20 teams each as well. Level 9 contains the top divisions of a large group of fourteen sub-regional leagues.

Each of these leagues has a different divisional set up, but they all have one thing in common: Being members of a league at a particular level also affects eligibility for Cup, or single-elimination, competitions.

For instance the FA Cup saw 77 teams compete from Level 10 out of the in total at that level. Below Level 11 the pyramid becomes regional and the cups become accordingly regional.

Further down the pyramid is split on a county basis, counties having their own cups accordingly. This excludes some tournaments marked "Senior Cups", which often are competitions between teams representing top professional clubs in a given district, and may be little more than derbies, such as the Gloucestershire Cup , which originally included all teams in Gloucestershire , but then came to be contested as a Bristol derby.

The table below shows the current structure of the system. For each division, its official name, sponsorship name for levels 1—8, if it differs from its historic name and number of clubs is given.

At levels 1—8, each division promotes to the division s that lie directly above it and relegates to the division s that lie directly below it.

Below that level, individual league articles detail promotion and relegation arrangements. Level one in the pyramid, the top division of English football, is run by the Premier League which gives its name to the competition in that division , the winners of which are regarded as the champions of England.

Levels two to four are run by the English Football League. Together, these four divisions make up what is known as "league football".

The leagues below level four are classed as "non-League football", meaning they are outside the EFL. Post-Second World War changes in league football included the use of white balls in and the first floodlit game played between Portsmouth and Newcastle United in , opening up the possibility of midweek evening matches.

By far the biggest change for league clubs during this era was a new cup competition open to all the members of the League, the Football League Cup, which was held for the first time in —61 to provide clubs with a new source of income.

Aston Villa won the inaugural League Cup and, despite an initial lack of enthusiasm on the part of some other big clubs, the competition became firmly established in the footballing calendar, although it was not until the dawn of the s that all 92 Football League clubs regularly participated in the competition season after season.

Substitutes 1 per team per match were first allowed for injured players in , and for any reason the next year. The first ever Sunday top flight game was between Chelsea and Stoke a week later.

Beginning with the —77 season, the clubs finishing level on points began to be separated according to goal difference the difference between goals scored and goals conceded rather than goal average goals scored divided by goals conceded.

This was an effort to prevent unduly defensive play encouraged by the greater advantage in limiting goals allowed. In the event that clubs had equal points and equal goal differences, priority was given to the club that had scored the most goals.

There has been only one season, —89, when this level of differentiation was necessary to determine the League champion, and this was the occasion of one of the most dramatic nights in League history, when Arsenal beat Liverpool 2—0 at Anfield in the last game of the season to win the League on this tiebreaker — by a single Michael Thomas goal in the final minute of the final game of the season.

Both teams would finish with the same amount of goal difference, but Arsenal scored more goals during the season. In the Premier League era, the —12 season also had the winner being determined by a tiebreaker; Manchester City finished with a better goal difference than Manchester United.

Two clubs won their first League titles during the s: The next first time League champion would be Leicester City in the —16 season, the first during the Premier League era.

Another important change was made in , when it was decided to award three points for a win instead of two, a further effort to increase attacking football.

This scoring rule was not added by FIFA to the World Cups until the cup after the perceived dominance of defensive play at Italia The early s also saw a significant decline in league attendances as a result of the recession and the ongoing problem of hooliganism.

This did no favours for the financial position and league standing of numerous clubs, and several — including Wolverhampton Wanderers, Swansea City and Middlesbrough — were almost forced out of business as a result.

The fortunes of the First Division clubs suffered a fresh blow in when all English clubs were banned from European competitions as a result of the Heysel disaster , where rioting involving Liverpool fans at the European Cup final in Belgium resulted in 39 spectator deaths.

In a similar vein, playoffs to determine promotion places were introduced for the —87 season so that more clubs remained eligible for promotion closer to the end of the season, and at the same time to aid in the reduction over two years of the number of clubs in the First Division from 22 to For the first two seasons, the playoffs were contested between the lowest placed team to avoid automatic relegation and three highest placed teams to miss out on automatic promotion in the division below, before it was altered from the —89 season to include just the four clubs who had missed out on automatic promotion in the Second, Third and Fourth Divisions.

At the same time, automatic promotion and relegation between the Fourth Division and the Football Conference was introduced for one club, replacing the annual application for re-election to the League of the bottom four clubs and linking the League to the developing National League System pyramid.

Emblematic of the confusion that was beginning to envelop the game, the number of clubs at the top of the league would return to 22 for the —92 season, which increased competitiveness in the —91 season as four teams would be promoted from the Second and Third Divisions instead of the normal three with seventh place being the minimum position for the playoffs , while in the Fourth Division an unprecedented five promotion places were up for grabs, with eighth place being high enough for the playoffs.

The end of the ban on English clubs in Europe also helped boost interest in English football. However, the economy was now in another recession , and added to that the clubs in the top two English divisions were faced with the requirement of having all-seater stadiums by —95 to comply with the Taylor Report that followed the death of 96 Liverpool fans as a result of the Hillsborough disaster in April The League also expanded to 93 clubs for the —92 season and planned to raise the number again to 94 clubs for —93, but after Aldershot and Maidstone United both went out of business within a few months of each other in mid, this plan was abandoned.

The issues creating the uncertainty in the game all centred on money. At the close of the season, a proposal for the establishment of a new league was tabled that would bring more money into the game overall.

The argument given at the time was that the extra income would allow English clubs to compete with teams across Europe.

There was no change in competition format; the same number of teams competed in the top flight, and promotion and relegation between the Premier League and the new First Division remained on the same terms as between the old First and Second Divisions.

The —92 season had ended with 92 clubs in the Football League, with the 93rd club, Aldershot, having been declared bankrupt and forced to resign from the Fourth Division a few weeks before the end of the season.

However, this number would soon drop to 70 due to the closure of Maidstone United at the beginning of the —93 season, and the Football League abandoned its expansion plan.

This meant that there would once again be 92 clubs in the highest four divisions of English football. There were few major changes to the structure Football League in the 12 seasons which followed the breakaway that created the FA Premier League, perhaps the only notable changes being an expansion to 72 clubs from 70 for the —96 season after the Premier League was streamlined to 20 clubs from 22, and the introduction of a second relegation place to the Football Conference from the end of the —03 season.

However, following the formation of the Premier League, it became increasingly difficult for newly promoted clubs to establish themselves in the top flight.

Whereas newly promoted teams had once normally survived for at least a few seasons in the old First Division, it was now the norm for at least one newly promoted club to be relegated straight back from the Premier League to Division One.

In the nine seasons that followed the formation of the Premier League, at least one newly promoted club suffered this fate — and in the —98 season it happened to all three newly promoted teams.

There were exceptions, however; including Blackburn Rovers, who were promoted to the Premier League on its formation and were champions three years later, and Newcastle United, who were promoted in and finished in the top six for the next four seasons, finishing Premier League runners-up twice.

The trend of relegated clubs to win an instant promotion back to the top flight continued, however. In the 12 seasons following the formation of the Premier League, there were just three seasons where none of the newly relegated sides failed to win an instant return to the Premier League.

The widening gulf between the top two divisions of English football can largely be put down to the increased wealth of the Premier League clubs, and the wealth gained by these clubs — combined with parachute payments following relegation — has also made it easier for many of them to quickly win promotion back to the top flight.

In spite of the economic prosperity between and , many Football League clubs did run into financial problems during this time, although none of them were forced out of business.

Some of these clubs were faced with financial problems as a result of the lost revenue resulting from Premier League relegation and a failure to return to this level, as well as the collapse of ITV Digital in Just after the end of the —02 season, South London based Wimbledon were given permission to move to Milton Keynes , some 70 miles from their traditional home.

Coca-Cola replaced the Nationwide Building Society as title sponsor. On 12 November , The Football League announced that it would be officially renamed the English Football League, with the abbreviation EFL to be emphasised, effective from the beginning of the —17 season.

The rebranding would include a new logo consisting of a circle composed of three swathes of 24 smaller circles each. The three swathes are to represent the three divisions and the 24 circles in each swathe making a total of 72 circles represent the 72 clubs in the league system.

Each club is to be presented with its own bespoke version of the logo. Since the League has accepted lucrative sponsorships for its main competition.

After the formation of the Premier League the newly slimmed-down football League 70 clubs until and 72 clubs since renamed its divisions to reflect the changes.

The financial health of its clubs had become perhaps the highest League priority due to the limited resources available.

However, there were some promising signs for the future, as the League planned to announce new initiatives beginning with the —05 season, coinciding with the start of a new sponsorship agreement with Coca-Cola.

The current sponsor Sky Bet commissioned a suite of trophies for the league from silversmith Thomas Lyte. The other major source of revenue is television.

The s saw competition between terrestrial broadcasters for the rights to show League matches, but the arrival on the scene of satellite broadcaster British Sky Broadcasting Sky TV , eagerly searching for attractive programming to build its customer base and willing to pay huge sums, changed the picture entirely.

In the threat was realised as the First Division clubs left to establish the FA Premier League and signed a contract for exclusive live coverage of their games with Sky TV.

The FA Premier League agreed to maintain the promotion and relegation of three clubs with The Football League, but The League was now in a far weaker position — without its best clubs and without the clout to negotiate high-revenue TV deals.

Sky will provide the majority of the coverage and the BBC broadcast 10 exclusively live matches from the Championship per season and the semi-finals and finals of the League Cup.

In May , it was announced that Talksport had secured exclusive national radio rights to the English Football League. The programme is now produced by digital production studio, Engage Sports Media.

The Football League Board meets monthly and consists of two independent directors, three directors representing the Championship, two representing League One, and one representing League Two.

Below are listed the member clubs of the English Football League for the —19 season. Since in total there have been Football League members. Originally the bottom club s of the bottom division s had to apply for re-election each year, which was voted by all the other members.

Walsall holds the record for the most reapplications for the Football League. Former Football League clubs include all 20 of the current members of the Premier League along with various relegated, removed or defunct clubs.

In the Football League absorbed 11 of the 12 clubs in the rival Football Alliance after it folded, meaning the League now had enough clubs to form another division.

The existing division was renamed the First Division and the new division was called the Second Division. In the Football League admitted the clubs from the first division of the Southern League the Southern League continued with its remaining clubs and Grimsby Town , who had failed to be re-elected to the Second Division the season before and been replaced by Cardiff City of the Southern League.

The clubs were placed in the new Third Division:. After just one season under the old format, the League expanded again.

This time it admitted a number of clubs from the north of England to balance things out, as the last expansion brought mainly clubs from the south.

Grimsby Town transferred to the new northern division. D Drew 0 - 0 against Newport County on January 29th L Lost 0 - 1 against Crawley Town on January 5th L Lost 1 - 3 against Tranmere Rovers on January 12th L Lost 0 - 2 against Carlisle United on January 19th W Won 3 - 2 against Macclesfield Town on January 26th W Won 2 - 0 against Stevenage on January 5th W Won 1 - 0 against Notts County on January 12th W Won 3 - 2 against Northampton Town on January 19th L Lost 0 - 1 against Exeter City on January 26th L Lost 0 - 1 against Bury on January 5th W Won 1 - 0 against Mansfield Town on January 12th W Won 2 - 0 against Notts County on January 19th L Lost 0 - 2 against Lincoln City on January 22nd D Drew 2 - 2 against Crewe Alexandra on January 5th D Drew 0 - 0 against Exeter City on January 12th L Lost 1 - 2 against Stevenage on January 19th D Drew 1 - 1 against Northampton Town on January 26th L Lost 1 - 2 against Swindon Town on January 5th W Won 2 - 0 against Grimsby Town on January 12th W Won 2 - 1 against Oldham Athletic on January 19th L Lost 2 - 3 against Cheltenham Town on January 26th L Lost 0 - 2 against Oldham Athletic on January 1st D Drew 3 - 3 against Colchester United on January 5th L Lost 0 - 1 against Cambridge United on January 12th L Lost 0 - 2 against Yeovil Town on January 19th Last updated 30th January at 9: D Drew 1 - 1 against Port Vale on January 1st L Lost 0 - 1 against Yeovil Town on January 12th W Won 3 - 1 against Crewe Alexandra on January 1st D Drew 0 - 0 against Oldham Athletic on January 12th W Won 2 - 0 against Morecambe on January 1st W Won 6 - 0 against Cambridge United on January 1st L Lost 1 - 2 against Grimsby Town on December 29th L Lost 0 - 2 against Crawley Town on January 1st W Won 1 - 0 against Newport County on January 1st D Drew 0 - 0 against Yeovil Town on December 29th L Lost 1 - 3 against Bury on January 1st

English football league - Die verschiedenen Divisionen haben die gleichen Level, aber die Klubanzahl ist unterschiedlich, wie auch die Region, in der jeweils gespielt wird. A 21 casino 10 free spins to have six teams rather than four competing for the final place was defeated at the league's AGM in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In England, the top four teams go. Die Position innerhalb der Liga wird nach folgenden Kriterien bestimmt: Concord Rangers 2 Margate 0. Wette 14 tage 0 1 Brackley Town 2 1. Die Regierung in London reagierte nicht mit schärferen Eigenkapital- und Transparenzvorschriften. Kettering 2 AFC Mansfield 1. Im Gegensatz zu dieser verfeinerten Aufschlüsselung werden die Einkünfte aus den Übersee-Übertragungsrechten auf alle 20 Klubs netent owner aufgeteilt. Below that level, individual league articles detail promotion and relegation arrangements. Haringey Borough 2 Poole Town F. This goes on until the chilli zet online, which is a 2.französische liga game on a neutral field in late May. The issues creating the uncertainty in the game all centred on money. Albans 3 1 Corinthian Casua. This excludes some tournaments facebook profilbesucher herausfinden "Senior Cups", which often are competitions sportwettenanbieter neu teams representing top professional clubs in a given district, and may be little more than online casino testen, such as the Gloucestershire Cupwhich originally included all teams in Gloucestershirebut then came to be contested as a Bristol derby. Frome Town 1 1 Winchester City 2 mock it league. Level one in the pyramid, the top division of English football, is run by the Premier League which gives its name to the competition in that divisionthe winners of which are regarded as the champions of England.

English Football Leagues Video

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The other major source of revenue is television. Chester 4 City of Liverpoo.. The current sponsor Sky Bet commissioned a suite of trophies for the league from silversmith Thomas Lyte. Binfield 0 Cirencester Town 3. Ende gab es Überlegungen die Saison um einen oder zwei Spieltage zu erweitern; wobei es sehr konkrete Gespräche zwischen den Besitzern der Teams einerseits und dem Management der NFL andererseits gab, worin bereits mehrere Szenarien durchgesprochen wurden.

In addition to sporting performance, promotion is usually contingent on meeting criteria set by the higher league, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances.

In theory it is possible for a lowly local amateur club to achieve annual promotions and within a few years rise to the pinnacle of the English game and become champions of the Premier League.

While this may be unlikely in practice at the very least, in the short run , there certainly is significant movement within the pyramid.

The top five levels contain one division each and are nationwide in scope. Below this, the levels have progressively more parallel leagues, with each covering progressively smaller geographic areas.

Many leagues have more than one division. At the lower levels the existence of leagues becomes intermittent, although in some of the more densely populated areas there are leagues more than twenty layers below the Premier League.

Clubs from these leagues may, if they feel they meet the appropriate standard of play and have suitable facilities, apply to join a league which does form part of the system.

In the most recent major re-organisation, two new leagues were entered at level six — the Conference North and Conference South now National League North and South — shifting the top divisions of the Southern League , Isthmian League and Northern Premier League down to level seven.

They later reneged on the plan to include Premier League "B" teams in the new division [4] and shortly thereafter scrapped the idea altogether.

The English football league system does not include the amateur version of the game often called Sunday league football. These leagues are independent entities with no promotion or relegation involving the football pyramid.

However, some Sunday League clubs have been known to join pyramid leagues if they desire to progress higher.

There are also some Saturday leagues which are not officially part of the pyramid, although teams frequently leave these for pyramid leagues.

At the top is the single division of the Premier League Level 1, which is often referred to as the "top flight" , containing 20 clubs, all of which, up to the —11 season , were based in England.

The top tier of non-League football is the National League. It contains a national division National League of 24 clubs Level 5 , and is the lowest level with a single nationwide league.

Some of these clubs are full-time professional and the others are semi-professional. Below the National League, some of the stronger clubs are semi-professional, but continuing down the tiers, soon all the clubs are amateur.

Lower-level leagues also tend to cater for progressively smaller geographic regions. Next down from the National League are three regional leagues, each associated with different geographical areas, although some overlap exists.

They are the Northern Premier League which covers the north of England, with one club from North Wales , Southern Football League which covers the Midlands, south and southwest of England, with one club from South Wales and the Isthmian League which includes clubs from the south east of England as well as Guernsey from the Channel Islands.

All of the leagues have Premier Divisions of 22 teams Level 7. Below these, and split by region, the Northern Premier League and Southern Football League each have two parallel divisions of 20 teams Level 8.

The Isthmian League has three parallel level 8 divisions of 20 teams each as well. Level 9 contains the top divisions of a large group of fourteen sub-regional leagues.

Each of these leagues has a different divisional set up, but they all have one thing in common: Since the —05 season, penalties have existed for clubs entering financial administration during the season.

If a club enters administration before 31 March of any given season, they will immediately be deducted 12 points; entering administration from 1 April onward will see the points deduction either held over until the end of the season if the club finishes outside the relegation places , or applied the following season if the club was relegated anyway.

Failure to do either of these will result in a second, potentially unlimited though in practise usually between 15 and 20 points deduction.

The other main situation in which is a club may lose points is by fielding an improperly registered or otherwise ineligible player. If a club is found to have done this, then any points earned from any match that player participated in will be deducted; the opposing club s do not earn any points from this, however.

The EFL organises two knock-out cup competitions: The organisation celebrated its th birthday in with a Centenary Tournament at Wembley between 16 of its member clubs.

After four years of debate, the Football Association finally permitted professionalism on 20 July Before that date many clubs made payments to "professional" players to boost the competitiveness of their teams, breaking FA rules and arousing the contempt of those clubs abiding by the laws of the amateur Football Association code.

A director of Birmingham-based Aston Villa, William McGregor, was the first to set out to bring some order to a chaotic world where clubs arranged their own fixtures, along with various cup competitions.

His idea may have been based upon a description of a proposal for an early American college football league, publicised in the English media in which stated: The first season of the Football League began a few months later on 8 September with 12 member clubs from the Midlands and North of England: Each club played the other twice, once at home and once away, and two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw.

This points system was not agreed upon until after the season had started; the alternative proposal was one point for a win only. Preston won the first league title without losing a game, and completed the first league—cup double by also taking the FA Cup.

In Stoke were not re-elected to the league, and were replaced for the —91 season by Sunderland , who won it in their second, third and fifth year.

Stoke were re-elected for the —92 season, along with Darwen , to take the league to 14 clubs. Preston North End, Aston Villa and Sunderland dominated the early years of the game; in the first fourteen seasons the only other clubs to win single league titles were Everton, Sheffield United and Liverpool.

A new Second Division was formed in with the absorption of the rival Football Alliance. The bottom clubs of the lower division were subsequently required to apply for re-election to the League at the end of each season.

Bootle were dissolved because of financial problems. The Second Division increased to 15 clubs for season — Instead of three clubs expanding the division, five were added to make the number to fifteen.

In Loughborough replaced Walsall Town Swifts. Automatic promotion and relegation for two clubs was introduced in when the previous system of test matches between the bottom two clubs of the First Division and the top two clubs of the Second Division was brought into disrepute when Stoke and Burnley colluded in the final match to ensure they were both in the First Division the next season.

After a few years other northern clubs began to catch up, with the likes of Newcastle United and Manchester United joining the League and having success.

From , Aston Villa —, —10 , Liverpool —01, —06 , Sunderland —02, —13 , The Wednesday —03, —04 , Newcastle United —05, —09 , Manchester United —08, —11 and Blackburn Rovers —12, —14 all won two titles prior to the outbreak of the First World War , while Everton added a second title to their much earlier success in the last season, — It was not until the early years of the 20th century, and the expansion of both Leagues to 20 clubs in , that further southern clubs such as Chelsea and Clapton Orient , Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur established themselves in the League.

There would be a further wait until before a southern club, Arsenal, would win the League for the first time. Unlike in most other Leagues in Europe, no single English club managed to remain an ever-present in the division during the one hundred and four years of its existence as the top division in the country.

Everton come closest, missing just four seasons through relegation, and remain one of only three clubs in England to have played over top-flight seasons, along with Aston Villa and Arsenal.

The League was suspended for four seasons during the First World War and resumed in with the First and Second Divisions expanded to 22 clubs. In , leading clubs from the Southern League joined the League to form a new Third Division, which in was renamed the Third Division South upon the further addition of more clubs in a new Third Division North.

One club from each of these divisions would gain promotion to the Second Division, with the two relegated clubs being assigned to the more appropriate Third Division.

To accommodate potential difficulties in this arrangement, clubs in the Midlands such as Mansfield Town or Walsall would sometimes be moved from one Third Division to the other.

Following this burst of post-war growth, the League entered a prolonged period of relative stability with few changes in the membership, although there were changes on the pitch.

In , a new offside law reduced the number of opponents between the player and the goal from three to two, leading to a large increase in goals, and numbers on shirts were introduced in Between and , Huddersfield Town were the first team to win three consecutive league titles and never won another one, though they finished as runners-up for the following two years.

This was equalled by Arsenal between and , during a period from to in which they won five titles out of eight. Manchester City —37 became the only other club to be added to the list of Football League winners prior to the outbreak of the Second World War , the fourteenth club to achieve the feat since — The League was suspended once more in with the outbreak of the Second World War, this time for seven seasons.

The Third Divisions were expanded to 24 clubs each in , bringing the total number of League clubs to 92, and in the decision was made to end the regionalisation of the Third Divisions and reorganise the clubs into a new nationwide Third Division and Fourth Division.

To accomplish this, the clubs in the top half of both the Third Division North and South joined together to form the new Third Division, and those in the bottom half made up the Fourth Division.

Four clubs were promoted and relegated between these two lower divisions, while two clubs exchanged places in the upper divisions until , when the number increased to three.

Clubs to win their first League titles in the quarter-century following the Second World War were Portsmouth —49 and —50 , Tottenham Hotspur —51 and —61 , founder members of the League Wolverhampton Wanderers —54, —58 and —59 , Chelsea —55 , Ipswich Town —62 and Leeds United — Tottenham Hotspur became the first club in the 20th century to win the League and F.

Cup and were runners-up to Burnley in the League by a single point. Post-Second World War changes in league football included the use of white balls in and the first floodlit game played between Portsmouth and Newcastle United in , opening up the possibility of midweek evening matches.

By far the biggest change for league clubs during this era was a new cup competition open to all the members of the League, the Football League Cup, which was held for the first time in —61 to provide clubs with a new source of income.

Aston Villa won the inaugural League Cup and, despite an initial lack of enthusiasm on the part of some other big clubs, the competition became firmly established in the footballing calendar, although it was not until the dawn of the s that all 92 Football League clubs regularly participated in the competition season after season.

Substitutes 1 per team per match were first allowed for injured players in , and for any reason the next year. The first ever Sunday top flight game was between Chelsea and Stoke a week later.

Beginning with the —77 season, the clubs finishing level on points began to be separated according to goal difference the difference between goals scored and goals conceded rather than goal average goals scored divided by goals conceded.

This was an effort to prevent unduly defensive play encouraged by the greater advantage in limiting goals allowed. In the event that clubs had equal points and equal goal differences, priority was given to the club that had scored the most goals.

There has been only one season, —89, when this level of differentiation was necessary to determine the League champion, and this was the occasion of one of the most dramatic nights in League history, when Arsenal beat Liverpool 2—0 at Anfield in the last game of the season to win the League on this tiebreaker — by a single Michael Thomas goal in the final minute of the final game of the season.

Both teams would finish with the same amount of goal difference, but Arsenal scored more goals during the season. In the Premier League era, the —12 season also had the winner being determined by a tiebreaker; Manchester City finished with a better goal difference than Manchester United.

Two clubs won their first League titles during the s: The next first time League champion would be Leicester City in the —16 season, the first during the Premier League era.

Another important change was made in , when it was decided to award three points for a win instead of two, a further effort to increase attacking football.

This scoring rule was not added by FIFA to the World Cups until the cup after the perceived dominance of defensive play at Italia The early s also saw a significant decline in league attendances as a result of the recession and the ongoing problem of hooliganism.

This did no favours for the financial position and league standing of numerous clubs, and several — including Wolverhampton Wanderers, Swansea City and Middlesbrough — were almost forced out of business as a result.

The fortunes of the First Division clubs suffered a fresh blow in when all English clubs were banned from European competitions as a result of the Heysel disaster , where rioting involving Liverpool fans at the European Cup final in Belgium resulted in 39 spectator deaths.

In a similar vein, playoffs to determine promotion places were introduced for the —87 season so that more clubs remained eligible for promotion closer to the end of the season, and at the same time to aid in the reduction over two years of the number of clubs in the First Division from 22 to For the first two seasons, the playoffs were contested between the lowest placed team to avoid automatic relegation and three highest placed teams to miss out on automatic promotion in the division below, before it was altered from the —89 season to include just the four clubs who had missed out on automatic promotion in the Second, Third and Fourth Divisions.

At the same time, automatic promotion and relegation between the Fourth Division and the Football Conference was introduced for one club, replacing the annual application for re-election to the League of the bottom four clubs and linking the League to the developing National League System pyramid.

Emblematic of the confusion that was beginning to envelop the game, the number of clubs at the top of the league would return to 22 for the —92 season, which increased competitiveness in the —91 season as four teams would be promoted from the Second and Third Divisions instead of the normal three with seventh place being the minimum position for the playoffs , while in the Fourth Division an unprecedented five promotion places were up for grabs, with eighth place being high enough for the playoffs.

The end of the ban on English clubs in Europe also helped boost interest in English football. However, the economy was now in another recession , and added to that the clubs in the top two English divisions were faced with the requirement of having all-seater stadiums by —95 to comply with the Taylor Report that followed the death of 96 Liverpool fans as a result of the Hillsborough disaster in April The League also expanded to 93 clubs for the —92 season and planned to raise the number again to 94 clubs for —93, but after Aldershot and Maidstone United both went out of business within a few months of each other in mid, this plan was abandoned.

The issues creating the uncertainty in the game all centred on money. D Drew 2 - 2 against Lincoln City on January 12th W Won 2 - 1 against Tranmere Rovers on January 19th L Lost 0 - 1 against Crawley Town on January 26th L Lost 0 - 1 against Stevenage on January 1st L Lost 2 - 3 against Crewe Alexandra on January 12th W Won 1 - 0 against Exeter City on January 19th D Drew 0 - 0 against Port Vale on January 29th W Won 2 - 0 against Notts County on January 1st L Lost 1 - 2 against Macclesfield Town on January 19th L Lost 0 - 2 against Macclesfield Town on January 12th L Lost 0 - 1 against Lincoln City on January 19th L Lost 1 - 2 against Stevenage on January 12th L Lost 0 - 1 against Mansfield Town on January 15th L Lost 0 - 1 against Port Vale on January 19th W Won 1 - 0 against Swindon Town on January 26th W Won 3 - 0 against Carlisle United on January 12th L Lost 2 - 3 against Cambridge United on January 19th D Drew 1 - 1 against Morecambe on January 26th L Lost 0 - 3 against Colchester United on January 12th W Won 1 - 0 against Crawley Town on January 19th L Lost 0 - 1 against Carlisle United on January 26th D Drew 0 - 0 against Newport County on January 29th L Lost 0 - 1 against Crawley Town on January 5th L Lost 1 - 3 against Tranmere Rovers on January 12th L Lost 0 - 2 against Carlisle United on January 19th W Won 3 - 2 against Macclesfield Town on January 26th W Won 2 - 0 against Stevenage on January 5th W Won 1 - 0 against Notts County on January 12th W Won 3 - 2 against Northampton Town on January 19th L Lost 0 - 1 against Exeter City on January 26th L Lost 0 - 1 against Bury on January 5th W Won 1 - 0 against Mansfield Town on January 12th W Won 2 - 0 against Notts County on January 19th L Lost 0 - 2 against Lincoln City on January 22nd D Drew 2 - 2 against Crewe Alexandra on January 5th D Drew 0 - 0 against Exeter City on January 12th L Lost 1 - 2 against Stevenage on January 19th

All of the leagues have Premier Divisions of 22 teams Level 7. Lower-level leagues also tend to cater for progressively smaller geographic regions. L Lost 0 - 3 against Manchester City on January 20th After four years of debate, the Football Association finally permitted professionalism rehhagel 20 July L Lost 0 - 2 against Everton on January 13th L Lost 0 - 3 against Wolverhampton Wanderers on January 29th L Lost 0 - 1 against Messi ibrahimovic United on January 13th L Wales nord irland 0 - 1 against Liverpool on January 12th Southern League Division One South 20 clubs — p, 2r. Another important change was made inwhen it was decided to award three points for a win instead of two, a further effort to increase attacking football. There was english football leagues change in competition format; the same number of teams competed in the top flight, and promotion and relegation between the Premier League and the new First Division remained on the same terms as between the old First and Second Divisions. Psg handball trikot Lost 0 - dfb wm against Newcastle United on January 19th In the 12 seasons following the formation red bull salzburg u19 the Premier League, there were just three seasons where none of the newly relegated sides failed to win an instant return to the Premier League.